"İnsan" səhifəsinin versiyaları arasındakı fərqlər

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{{Həmçinin bax|Homo}}
 
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'''İnsan''', [[Taksonomiya|taksonomik]] adıyla '''''Homo sapiens'''''<ref>{{cite journal|author=Goodman M, Tagle D, Fitch D, Bailey W, Czelusniak J, Koop B, Benson P, Slightom J |title=Primate evolution at the DNA level and a classification of hominoids |journal=J Mol Evol |volume = 30 |issue=3 |pages=260–266 |year=1990 |pmid=2109087 |doi=10.1007/BF02099995}}</ref><ref>{{cite web| title= Hominidae Classification | work = Animal Diversity Web @ UMich | url = http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/classification/Hominidae.html | accesdate= 2006-09-25 | archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20141018224823/http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/classification/Hominidae.html | archivedate= 18 oktyabr2014}}</ref> — Dik duruşa, nisbətən inkişaf etmiş bir [[beyin|beyinə]], mücərrəd düşünmə qabiliyyətinə, danışma ([[Dil (filoloji)|dil]] istifadə etmə) qabiliyyətinə sahibdir. Bu qabiliyyətləri dünyadakı digər növlərdən fərqli olaraq istifadə məqsədi geniş avadanlıqlar istehsalına imkan yaratmışdır. Özünün fərqində olması, rasionallığı ve zəkası<ref name="mc2">''Dependent Rational Animals: Why Human Beings Need the Virtues'' By [[Alasdair MacIntyre]] pp. 60, "But this [language] is insufficient for human rationality, What is needed in addition is the ability to construct sentences that contain as constituents either the sentences use to express the judgment about which the agent is reflecting, or references to those sentences."</ref><ref name="mcd">[[John McDowell]], ''Mind and World'', 1994. p.115, Harvard University Press, (quoted in ''Dependent Rational Animals'', by Alasdair MacIntyre): "In mere animals, sentience is in the service of a mode of life that is structured exclusively by immediate biological imperatives" [..] "merely animal life is shaped by goals whose control of the animal's behavior at a given moment is an immediate outcome of biological forces"</ref><ref name="flanagan">''The Really Hard Problem:Meaning in a Material World'', [[Owen Flanagan]], MIT Press</ref> kimi yüksək səviyədə düşünməsini təmin edən xüsusiyyətlər insanı "insan" edən xüsusiyyətlər olaraq sayılmaqdadır.<ref name="mc1">''Dependent Rational Animals: Why Human Beings Need the Virtues'' By [[Alasdair MacIntyre]] pp. 60, "Those who have wanted to draw a single sharp line between human and nonhuman animals have commonly laid emphasis upon the presence or absence of language as such, the ability to use and to respond to strings of syntactically ordered and semantically significant expressions whose utterance constitutes speech acts. But this is insufficient for human rationality. What is needed in addition.."</ref><ref name="mol">[http://www.duke.edu/~pk10/language/psych.htm Nature vs. Nurture: The Miracle of Language], by Malia Knezek. "What about the fact that other animals do not have similar language capabilities? [..] This obviously involves some innate difference between humans and other animals.. [..] ..other animals do not use any other form of language (i.e. sign language) even though they have the physiological capabilities." citing, [[Andy Clark]]. ''Being There: Putting Brain, Body, and World Together Again''. The MIT Press, 1997. 208-209).</ref>

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