Vaşinqton ştatının simvollarının siyahısı
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Ştat simvolları[redaktə | əsas redaktə]
|Amfibiya||Pasifik ağac qurbağası
|Şimal-Şərqi Pasifikdə yaşayan Pasifik ağac qurbağasının ştat amfibiyası üçün seçilməsində əsas səbəb onun Kaskad dağlarının hər iki tərəfində və Vaşinqton ştatının bütün qraflıqlarında yaşamasıdır. Simvol 3-cü sinif şagirdləri tərəfindən təklif edilib.||2007|
|Dendrari||Vaşinqton Park Dendarisi||Sietl şəhəri rəhbərliyi və Vaşinqton Universiteti tərəfindən idarə edilən dendari "canlı muzey"ə bənzəyir. Burada Şimal-Şərqi Pasifikdə yetişdirilməsi mümkün olan dünyanın bütün bitkiləri sərgilənir. Dendari regionda "botanika və bağçılığın öyrənilməsində ən qədim mərkəz", həmçinin ölkənin ən böyük iki meşə bitkiləri kolleksiyasından biri kimi tanınır.||1995|
|1928-ci ildə məktəb şagirdləri 7 digər ştatla eyni vaxtda torağayı ştat quşu olaraq qəbul etdilər. Vaşinqton Qadınlar Klubu Federasiyası 1931-ci ildə tanaqr, sərçə, yunko və ağacdələndən payızbülbülünü üstün tutaraq ştat quşu seçdilər. 20 il sonra qanunvericilər təkrar məktəb uşaqlarına iki quş arasında seçimə icazə verdilər və payızbülbülü seçildi.||1951|
|Rəqs||Sqver-dans||İlk müahacirlər qərbə miqrasiya etdikdə özləri ilə kadril adı ilə tanınan rəqsi də gətirdilər. 4 cütlüklə (8 rəqqas) icar edilən xalq rəqsi 17 aprel 1979-cu ildə ştat rəqsi olaraq elan edildi.||1979|
|Endemic məməli||Olimpiya marmotu
|The only endemic mammal in Washington, the highly social Olympic marmot can be found throughout the Olympic Peninsula and are easy to spot during the summer months along Hurricane Ridge in Olympic National Park. To promote awareness of the animal, the Legislature adopted the state endemic mammal in 2009.||2009|
|Adopted as the state fish in 1969, the steelhead is one of the most popular fish for recreational fishing in Washington. While the Legislature used an old scientific name Salmo gairdnerii to describe the fish, two subspecies of rainbow trout are anadromous and known as steelhead—Columbia River redband trout O. m. gairdneri and coastal rainbow trout O. m. irideus.||1969|
|Bayraq||Vaşinqton bayrağı||The Legislature adopted the state flag in 1923, more than thirty years after the state was admitted to the United States. By law (RCW 1.20.010), the flag "shall be of dark green silk or bunting and shall bear in its center a reproduction of the seal of the state of Washington embroidered, printed, painted or stamped thereon. The edges of the flag may, or may not, be fringed. If a fringe is used the same shall be of gold or yellow color of the same shade as the seal. The dimensions of the flag may vary."||1923|
|Before suffrage, Washington women selected the coast rhododendron as the state flower in 1892. Six flowers were initially considered as an entry for a floral exhibit at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition, but the rhododendron beat out the clover following a statewide election. In 1959, the lawmakers officially designated the native species Rhododendron macrophyllum as the state flower.||1959|
|Xalq mahnısı||"Roll On, Columbia, Roll On"||The Bonneville Power Administration produced a film in the 1940s encouraging Pacific Northwest residents to use power generated by the recently built Bonneville and Grand Coulee dams along the Columbia River. Folk musician Woody Guthrie was hired to write songs for the project; "Roll On, Columbia, Roll On", described as "an ode to the harnessing of Washington's mightiest river", was the most popular of the 26 songs. In 1987, the song was officially designated as the state folk song by the Legislature.||1987|
|The Legislature designated the Columbian mammoth as the state fossil in 1998, following a four-year effort by students at Windsor Elementary School near Cheney. During the Pleistocene, the prehistoric elephants roamed throughout the United States, including the Pacific Northwest (fossils were discovered on the Olympic Peninsula).||1998|
|In 1989, Rep. Clyde Ballard proposed a bill that would designate the apple as Washington's state fruit and require that they appear on new license plates. The apple trees of Eastern Washington represent one of the state's largest industries and led the nation in apple production.||1989|
|Qiymətli daş||Daşlaşmış ağac||Petrified wood, formed when water permeates wood and replaces the fiber with silica, can be found in almost every county of the state in a variety of tree species, "some extinct and some exquisite". Petrified wood was discovered in Vantage in the early 1930s, which led to the creation of the Ginkgo Petrified Forest State Park as a national historic preserve. Other sites with petrified wood include the Umtanum Petrified Forest and the Saddle Mountain Petrified Forest.||1975|
|Native to Eastern Washington, bluebunch wheatgrass supports the cattle and livestock industry and was designated as the state grass in 1989.||1989|
|The common green darner drago1nfly was designated as the state insect in 1997 following a proposal by students at Crestwood Elementary School in Kent and the support of children in more than 100 school districts statewide. This dragonfly species can be found throughout Washington and is a "beneficial contributor to the ecosystem because it consumes a large number of insect pests."||1997|
|Following a proposal submitted by students at Crescent Harbor Elementary in Oak Harbor, the Legislature adopted the orca as the state marine mammal in 2005 since it attracts many tourists, is a significant symbol for the Native American culture, and pods of the whales migrate through Puget Sound each year. The designation is also intended to promote awareness of the whale and encourage protection of the marine environment.||2005|
|Gerb||Vaşinqton gerbi||Originally designed by Charles Talcott shortly before Washington was admitted to the United States in 1889, the seal contains the image of George Washington encircled with "The Seal of the State of Washington" and the date "1889". The simple design was accepted by the Legislature, but did not become the official seal until graphic designer Richard Nelms was commissioned to create a new insignia. Nelms used a portrait by painter Gilbert Stuart in his design, which was accepted by the Legislature in 1967.||1967|
|Gəmi||Lady Washington||Lady Washington is the name for the original wooden merchant sailing vessel that sailed during the 18th century as well as the updated modern replica created in 1989. Named after Martha Washington, the original ship left Boston Harbor on October 1, 1787 as part of the Columbia Expedition and foundered in 1797. The replica was built in Aberdeen as part of the state centennial celebrations of 1989.||2007|
|Himn||"Washington, My Home"||Written by Helen Davis in 1950 and arranged by Stuart Churchill, "Washington, My Home" was approved unanimously after a State Senator from South Bend introduced a bill proposing the song as the state song. In 1909, "Washington Beloved" was unofficially adopted as the state song but was never part of the state's code of law.||1959||—|
|Tartan||Vaşinqton ştat tartanı||Consisting of a green background with stripes of blue, white, yellow, red, and black, the state tartan of Washington was designed by Margaret McLeod van Nus and Frank Cannonita in 1988 to commemorate the Washington centennial celebration and is registered with the Scottish Tartan Society. The colors represent various aspects of nature: green symbolizes rich forests of the state; blue the lakes, rivers and ocean; white the snow-capped mountains; red the apple and cherry crops; yellow the wheat and grain crops; and black the eruption of Mount St. Helens.||1991|
|In 1946, The Portland Oregonian "teased" Washington for not having a state tree, suggesting the western hemlock for its neighbor. Washington newspapers preferred the popular western red cedar, but state representative George Adams insisted on the western hemlock, claiming the species would become "the backbone of [the] state's forest industry". Adams' bill passed the Legislature and became law in 1947.||1947|
|Tərəvəz||Uolla-Uolla şirin soğanı
|Originally from the island of Corsica, a sweet onion seed was brought to Walla Walla by a French soldier more than a century ago. Well-suited for the climate offered by southeastern Washington, many Walla Walla Valley farmers continue to grow the onions today. The onion was designated as the state vegetable due to the persistence of students at Eatonville Middle School and Kirkland Junior High School.||2007|
- "Chapter 1.20 RCW". Secretary of State of Washington.
- "Symbols of Washington State". Washington State Legislature.
- Behnke, Robert J. (2002). "Rainbow and Redband Trout", Trout and Salmon of North America. New York: The Free Press, 65–120. ISBN 0-7432-2220-2.
- "History of the State Flag". Secretary of State of Washington.
- "Bill would make apple state fruit". Spokane Chronicle. Cowles Publishing Company (January 6, 1989).
- Johnston, Greg "Rocks of Ages: Washington is a gem of a state for amateur geologists". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Hearst Corporation (June 26, 1997).
- "Ginkgo Petrified Forest/Wanapum Recreational Area". Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission.
- Mapes, Lynda V. "Rare surprise for Yakima man: a forest of stone". The Seattle Times. The Seattle Times Company (May 4, 2007). Note: Sites are mentioned under the "Petrified-wood facts" column, which cites the Washington State Department of Natural Resources.
- "State Symbols". Secretary of State of Washington.
- "History of the State Seal". Secretary of State of Washington.
- "The Historical Seaport: Lady Washington". Grays Harbor Historical Seaport Authority.
- "Composer of state song, Helen Davis, dies at 87". The Spokesman-Review. Cowles Publishing Company (January 3, 1993). [ölü keçid]
- Tuinstra, Rachel "Students taste sweet victory as onion passes first hurdle to state icon status". The Seattle Times. The Seattle Times Company (February 15, 2006).